断点调试Autolayout

对于 iOS 和 OS X 开发者来说,Autolayout已经逐渐变成一个至关重要的开发工具。它让多屏幕适配变得小菜一碟(peasy),但是有些时候它还是会把我们搞疯掉,因为它总是会出现那些啰嗦又没啥用处的错误警告。

就像这样:

Unable to simultaneously satisfy constraints.  
Probably at least one of the constraints in the following list is one you don't want.  
Try this:

(1) look at each constraint and try to figure out which you don't expect;
(2) find the code that added the unwanted constraint or constraints and fix it.
(Note: If you're seeing NSAutoresizingMaskLayoutConstraints that you don't understand, refer to the documentation for the UIView property translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints)

(...........)


Make a symbolic breakpoint at UIViewAlertForUnsatisfiableConstraints to catch this in the debugger.  
The methods in the UIConstraintBasedLayoutDebugging category on UIView listed in <UIKit/UIView.h> may also be helpful.  

这么长的错误日志!!!!尼玛让谁看!!!
但是我们仔细看一下,观察 NSLayoutConstraint 部分。发现它倒数第二行还是有给我们点希望去解决这个错误的。在 UIViewAlertForUnsatisfiableConstraints 添加一个Symbolic breakpoint 断点。
既然这样,我们就去试一下...

尼玛!! 毛用都没有啊!!它停在了线程堆栈上,然而LLDB依旧一片黑暗...

于是这里就有一个小技巧(Trick),来让你的symbolic breakpoint变得更加有用。为你的ObjC项目添加 po [[UIWindow keyWindow] _autolayoutTrace]

或者为你的Swift项目添加 expr -l objc++ -O -- [[UIWindow keyWindow] _autolayoutTrace]

现在你就会在命令控制台看到你的UIView 的层次结构还有出现错误的地方。

UIWindow:0x7f9481c93360  
|   •UIView:0x7f9481c9d680
|   |   *UIView:0x7f9481c9d990- AMBIGUOUS LAYOUT for UIView:0x7f9481c9d990.minX{id: 13}, UIView:0x7f9481c9d990.minY{id: 16}
|   |   *_UILayoutGuide:0x7f9481c9e160- AMBIGUOUS LAYOUT for _UILayoutGuide:0x7f9481c9e160.minY{id: 17}
|   |   *_UILayoutGuide:0x7f9481c9ebb0- AMBIGUOUS LAYOUT for _UILayoutGuide:0x7f9481c9ebb0.minY{id: 27}

而当你在这个地方继续向下执行,它就会停在下一个你可能出现错误的地方。但是如果这样子你还是很难发现你的错误的话,你可以执行下面这个语句

(lldb) e id $myView = (id) 0x7f9ea3d43410
(lldb) e (void)[$myView setBackgroundColor:[UIColor blueColor]]

先获取UIView,然后改变它的背景色

你就会看到出错误的视图主动显示出来了~

ps: 如果是手写Autolayout,推荐 Mansory,实在是好用!!

关键是它的错误提示

Unable to simultaneously satisfy constraints......blah blah blah....  
(
    "<NSAutoresizingMaskLayoutConstraint:0x8887740 MASExampleDebuggingView:superview.height == 416>",
    "<MASLayoutConstraint:ConstantConstraint UILabel:messageLabel.height >= 5000>",
    "<MASLayoutConstraint:BottomConstraint UILabel:messageLabel.bottom == MASExampleDebuggingView:superview.bottom - 10>",
    "<MASLayoutConstraint:ConflictingConstraint[0] UILabel:messageLabel.top == MASExampleDebuggingView:superview.top + 1>"
)

Will attempt to recover by breaking constraint  
<MASLayoutConstraint:ConstantConstraint UILabel:messageLabel.height >= 5000>  

已经把出现错误的约束显示出来了,完全不需要我们去茫茫去偶遇~

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